Political science (including political science in Azerbaijan and a number of post-Soviet countries) is a social science that deals with the theory, analysis, description, and forecasting of political behavior, political systems, and politics in the broadest sense.

Although political science is relatively young among the social sciences, it has its origins in sciences such as history, political philosophy, and political economy. Although science is young, many consider Aristotle to be its founder. Although the ideas underlying political science can still be found in ancient China and India, in the works of Aristotle and Plato, its formation as a science dates back to the 1960s. With the founding of the American Political Science Association in 1903 and the American Journal of Political Science in 1906, research in this area expanded. As a result of the Behaviorist Revolution in the world of science in 1950-1960, political science was further improved and focused on the behavior of individuals and groups. At the same time, political science has strengthened cooperation with other sciences such as sociology, economics, anthropology, psychology.

Today, political science studies the decision-making process, the cycle of power, systems of political governance, as well as political behavior.

Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Political_science

Policy is a field of activity related to the acquisition, maintenance and use of state power.

Political activity is based on the relations between different social groups, classes and states. Any activity related to the problem of power is of a political nature. Politics emerges at a certain stage in the development of society, and it was formed at a time when forms of production based on private property, social structure, and cultural culture were being formed. Different social groups create a special administrative apparatus to protect their interests. Political power is exercised through various institutional forms [1].

The term «politics» was translated from Azerbaijani into Arabic. The word literally means «horse training» in Arabic. Many Western countries, such as English-speaking countries, use the term «Politics» and German-speaking countries use the term «Politics». The word «Politics» is derived from the Greek word «Police». The word «police» means city. The word politics can be understood as a purposeful work carried out in modern society.

In political science, the term «politics» is perceived as a struggle for political and state power.

Politics is implemented through political relations, political institutions and political ideology in the existing society.

The first is the relationship between large groups of people to political power.
The second party covers the forms of organization of political activity of citizens, political organizations.
The third party is a set of views, ideas and theories that systematically reflect people’s political activity in the mind.

The purpose of the policy is to create the conditions and methods of exercising power that are acceptable to certain social classes and classes, as well as to society as a whole.

Politics is studied by a number of sciences (political science, political sociology, political psychology, etc.). It is also the object of philosophy. Thus, political philosophy studies the essence of political events and processes, their interaction.

The basis of politics is the political activity of the people and the relationships established in this process. He manages the activities of various social forces in society in relation to political power. The characteristic feature is that in political activity, each social group seeks to realize its own social interests.

In the process of political activity, political relations and connections are formed. In the process of this activity, political organizations, parties emerge, political ideas and theories emerge. In general, politics means the management of various spheres of public life through the establishment of relations of domination and subordination exercised by the state. The content of the policy, which is a specific area of ​​activity, includes participation in public affairs, in determining its directions, as well as in revealing the essence, forms and tasks of the state’s activity.

Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Politics